Apparel Tech Pack Basics

Three reasons you need to have tech packs?

• They communicate all the details of your designs
• They clarify what is included in the price
• They protect both sides from misunderstandings.

You need to know apparel tech pack basics because you will be working with them throughout the development and production process. Read more below or ask me for help about apparel tech pack basics.

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What minimum information needs to be in an apparel tech pack?

This page is about Apparel Tech Pack Basics

Tech packs are the holy grail when you are a beginner venturing into the manufacturing world. Mastering apparel tech pack basics and having one ready to show a factory is essential to your success. Tech packs are also known as spec sheets or technical documents. I like to think of tech packs as a contract between the designer (you) and the manufacturer. It is a tool for communication that can save you time, money and headaches in the long run.
Apparel Tech Pack Creator in Vietnam

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Three Reasons For Mastering Tech Packs

1. Detailed Communication

First reason: If you live in New York City and you are having your garments produced in Ho Chi Minh City, then you will need to communicate your design ideas over a cultural divide. All the details of your garment need to be communicated, understood, discussed and brought to life by a team of people from a different culture, speaking a different language. Tech packs facilitate this process by putting all the design details on paper in numbers, images and text to prevent misunderstandings. Detailed communication is a life saver. That's why I recommend apparel tech pack basics.

Approaching a sewing factory in Vietnam without tech packs is like walking into Starbucks and not knowing what you want to order. There are people behind you in line; the barista is growing impatient. Not good. Prepare your tech packs in advance. ☺
Designer Tech Pack

2. What?! I have to pay more for that?!

Second reason you need to know apparel tech pack basics: Beware of a factory that quotes a price without a tech pack. When a price is quoted, the price should be in reference to a tech pack. Last thing you want is for the factory to say, “oh, you want a button there? That will cost you an extra five cents.” When you first approach a factory there is really only one question you should ask, “Would you please quote me a price based on this apparel tech pack?” They will review it and if they have no further questions, they will quote price. At that moment, both sides have a common reference point - apparel tech pack basics.
Apparel Tech Pack Basics
The problem that I often see is that many ‘first-timers’ don’t have tech packs, yet expect a price. This is a disaster in the making – not to mention a waste of time. Getting a “ball park” price from a factory is like saying your first online date will be love at first sight. Having a grasp on apparel tech pack basics is critical to your success when sourcing a manufacturer in Vietnam.

I recommend you hire a freelance tech pack creator in the US to guide you and finish your tech packs before approaching Vietnam manufacturers.

3. Do you want to know who is at fault when there are problems?

Yes! Third reason you need a tech pack: When the counter samples and production samples are made AND you are not happy with the results, either the factory did not follow the apparel tech pack or your apparel tech pack is wrong. Either way it is easy to know where the problem lies because it’s written down on paper. A good factory will work with you to fix anything that is unclear; the point here is that you should have professional and thorough apparel tech packs prepared in advance to minimize any guesswork. So, what is included in an apparel tech pack?

Anatomy of an Apparel Tech Pack

The most important part of a tech pack is the size chart. The pattern is made from the size chart so if the size chart measurements are wrong, the fit of your garment will be wrong. Factories don’t want to guess or make multiple revisions to fulfill your expectations. Ideally, your size measurements are right and the factory gets it right the first time. Here is what a professional size chart looks like.
Tech Packs Made in Vietnam
Fabric Specs: You need to clearly list the fabric specifications including knitting or weaving structure, the weight, the pantone color and any special finishing. If you have specific fabric quality standards you need met, then specify it in the tech pack. For example, describe pilling, color fastness and shrinkage requirements.

Stitching: Special stitching instructions need to be explained or else the factory will choose for you. There are more than 20 basic stitching options. If you are making activewear then your garments will have flatlock seams. You need to explain this in the tech pack and make sure the factory has flatlock machines. Apparel tech pack basics!

I love this image because it explains visually the difference between flat lock, overlock and blind stitch. Source Even though the link is talking about sewing wetsuits, the logic applies to sewing fabrics like cotton and polyester. You need to know and understand the difference between flat lock and over lock and specify your stitching expectations in the tech pack.

Embellishment Placement: Where do screen-prints, embroideries, and branding labels go? Typically an apparel tech pack includes CAD drawings of the garment to show exact placement of artwork. I recommend you use centimeters instead of inches because Asia uses the metric system of measurement. Last thing you want is to waste a week of time because the conversion from inches to centimeters was done incorrectly.


Don't Forget: Artwork files need to be attached to the email when you send the tech pack. Folding and packing instructions need to be included. Any information that can help the factory get it right the first time - belongs in a tech pack.

In an ideal world all factories and all designers would use the same template, but unfortunately there is no standard.

3 Things to Remember: Tech packs communicate all the details of your design. They clarify what is included in the price. And finally, they protect both sides from misunderstandings.
Belinda Jacobs Techpack Freelancer
Tech Pack Resources
You can contact Belinda at She is the most professional freelance tech pack creator I know. She sets the bar. You can see Belinda and I exhibiting together at the Sourcing at Magic show in the adjacent image.

You can also download tech pack templates.

Or, you can check out Tech Packer is an online tech pack service that both you and the factory can access. I met the CEO and founder during a trade show in Hong Kong.

Garment Tech Pack Check List

What minimum information needs to be in a garment tech pack in order for a factory to give you a price you can bet on? I receive tech packs from fashion designers and entrepreneurs around the world asking me for a Vietnam manufacturing price. The problem is that 9 times out of 10 their tech packs are incomplete. My message is, if you want an accurate price quote from a factory then I recommend you provide an complete tech pack. The following garment tech pack check list is what I define as a complete tech pack based on my experience working in Vietnam as an apparel production advisor.

1.Flat Sketch
The flat sketch is a two dimensional technical drawing. The flat sketch is just white fill and black outlines. No shading or texture details. There should be sketches of the front, back and any unusual details you consider important. The sketch should be in black and white and drawn to scale as best as possible.

2.Measurement Chart for 1st Sample
I am assuming you don't have all the size measurements for each size (small, medium, large, XL, XXL, etc.) To get started you must provide the factory with the measurements for at least one size - usually size medium. The factory will use these measurements to make the 1st sample often referred to as the fit sample.

3.Order Quantity Chart
Before the factory can quote you a price they need to know the quantity breakdown for the style (one style per tech pack.) They need to know quantity per color and or quantity per artwork. Let's say you are making 1,000 black t-shirts with 5 different screen prints. That is 200 pieces per print on the same black fabric. The factory needs to know the quantity breakdown because it affects the price significantly. Quantity per size is not necessary for the initial price quotation.

4.Written or Visual Description
Write down any details about the garment that are not obvious in the sketches. Add more images if you have them. Describe in detail components like collars, plackets, cuffs, fastenings, bar tacks, artwork placement or packing instructions. Describe in detail the silhouette, body, and styling you are expecting.

5.Bill of Materials
The BOM includes everything that needs to be bought to put the garment together. At a minimum you must include the main fabric and any additional fabrics. For fabric, describe the yarn, knit structure, weave structure, weight, Pantone color, finish and width. In addition to fabric, list things like lining, piping, ribbons, shoulder pads, neck tape, thread, buttons, labels, hang tags, hang tag thread, hang tag pins, tissue, poly-bags and desiccant bags. Be as detailed as possible to make sure nothing is overlooked. Make sure you include a column for supplier. If you have nominated suppliers then list the supplier company name.

6.List of Stitches and Seams
If you have any specific stitch or seam requirements then list them here. Illustrate or just write the descriptions of joining operations. Include details like stitches per inch, width of seams, seam allowances, and ISO numbers for each seam.

7.List of Embellishments
If you have any screen prints, embroideries, lace, appliqué, sequins, patches, shoulder pads, stones, or beads then list them here. You can illustrate or just write the descriptions of details like placement, ink type, Pantone colors and stitches per inch for embroidery.

8.Branding Artwork
Here is where you go into detail for anything that has branding on it. Branding usually is placed on labels, hang tags, embroideries or small prints. Show exactly where the branding artwork goes and reference the file name of the artwork. The files will need to be sent separately. Often branding will be combined with care instructions and information like country of origin, RN #s, fabric composition, and detailed washing instructions. Packing includes branding so be sure to include the details of branding on items like poly bags and carton boxes.

9.Measurement Chart for Grading
This section needs to exist but not necessarily filled in. As mentioned early, first the factory will quote price. Then they will make a "1st Sample." If you decide to go ahead then they will grade your sample from medium size up to, say, XXL and down to say, XS. When they do the grading they will fill in this measurement chart. If you have the grading done in advance then include your complete measurements here. Be sure to include acceptable tolerances for each measurement.

10.Point of Measurement Diagrams
When it comes time to perform a quality control check the factory needs to know where to measure from. They need to be on the same page as you. Use illustrations to show clearly where you expect them to measure to check if the measurements are within tolerances.

11.Headers on On Every Page
Be sure to include your company or brand name, name of designer, the style identifier, size range, sample size, the date and version number on each page.

12.List for Tracking Changes
Create a list that is empty and ready to receive comments and or changes as the development progresses. Include a column for comment/change, person in charge, date, action plan, and deadline.


If there is anything you don't know from the list above then add the comment "to be discussed with factory."

Creating a complete tech pack is not easy.
If you take short cuts when it comes to preparing the tech pack, then can the factory take short cuts when it comes to quoting price? Garbage in, Garbage out, right?

Creating a complete tech pack requires technical training and experience.
If you wing it and create what you think will suffice then you are setting yourself up for failure. My advice is to have your tech packs created by a professional in your country before you send to Vietnamese factories. Professional tech pack creators know the minimum information needs to be in a garment tech pack and they can help you fill in gaps that you are not sure about.

What is the dollar value of a tech pack?
How much does it cost to have a tech pack made? I use as a reference point. See their pricing for your reference. Generally speaking a tech pack dollar value is $1,000. If you don't have tech packs, then do you expect the factory to create them for you? Does that mean you are asking the factory to do $1,000 dollars of free work? How would you feel if someone asked you to do $1,000 dollars worth of free work. If you have your tech packs made in advance and they are professional and complete, then your chance of success increases exponentially! And you put yourself in a better bargaining position because the factory respects you as a professional.

How do tech packs save you time and money in the long run?
First, know that a good factory will be able to quote an accurate price and make a sample from a complete and professional tech pack. Getting an accurate price and good sample puts you on third base quickly.

Second, you can send your tech packs by email, for free, to factories in Mexico, Peru, China, India, Vietnam and Sri Lanka simultaneously - and 4/10 will reply back with a price. You save money by not having to fly to all these countries. Now you have a few prices and you know you are comparing apples to apples, plus, you know that the 4/10 that replied are seriously interested in your order. At this point you can ask the 4 to make counter samples and they might just do it for free! Now you've got pricing, you've got counter samples and you can pick the one you like best. It's faster and cheaper in the long run to invest $1,000 upfront to have your tech packs made professionally and then use the power of email as opposed to traveling to all countries and trying to develop the samples on-site using the factories precious manpower and resources. Not to mention your cost in time and energy.