This page is about Shipping Documents to Import Clothes
Shipping Documents you will Hear About
• Air waybills for Air Shipments
• Ocean Waybill for Ocean Shipments
• Bill of lading
• Commercial invoice
• Consular invoice
• Certificate of origin
• Dock receipt and a warehouse receipt
• Destination control statement
• Shipper's Export Declaration (SED)
• Export license
• Export packing list
• Insurance certificate
Vocabulary you will need to know:
Importer of Record can be any one of the following entities: owner, purchaser, or licensed customs broker designated by the owner, or consignee. The Importer of Record is responsible for paying the duty on the goods. Your shipping company will explain the advantages and disadvantages of choosing the Importer of Record.
Imported goods are not legally entered until after the shipment has arrived within the port of entry, delivery of the merchandise has been authorized by U.S. Customs and Border Protection office (CBP,) and estimated duties have been paid. It is the importer of record's responsibility to arrange for examination and release of the goods.
Consigning is the act of giving over to another person or company, custody of goods, but retaining legal ownership until the goods are delivered. So, while your garments are in transit, you, the consigner, temporarily give “ownership” to the consignee. The consignee is the shipping company. Once the shipment is complete and goods are received in your warehouse, the consignee “returns” your goods to you. You will encounter these terms on many shipping documents.
Lading is the act of loading cargo shipments on board a vessel for transportation to the United States. Port of lading is where the goods are initially loaded on the vessel. Port of unlading is the where the goods are unloaded from the vessel.
Bill of Lading is a document providing the vessel captain and the carrier all the details needed to process the freight shipment and invoice it correctly. It contains a detailed list of the containers’ content.
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Brief Description of Shipping Documents to Import Clothes into Vietnam
Air waybills for Air Shipments or Ocean waybills…
A waybill is a document issued by a carrier, giving details and instructions relating to the shipment of a consignment of goods. Typically it will show the names of the consignor and consignee, the point of origin of the consignment, its destination, and route.
Bill of lading
A bill of lading is a contract between the owner of the goods and the carrier. When the freight is laden on board at origin, the original bill of lading is produced and provided to the shipper. The shipment cannot be released to the consignee at destination as long as the shipper holds that original bill of lading. At some point, the shipper will release their hold on the cargo, usually once the shipper has been paid, and the original is sent to the importer by courier. At that point, it can be presented to the shipping company at destination to secure the release of the freight.
A commercial invoice is a bill for the goods, from the seller to the buyer. Governments use commercial invoices to determine the true value of goods when assessing customs duties.
A consular invoice is a document that is required in some countries. It describes the shipment of goods and shows information such as the consignor, consignee, and value of the shipment. Consular invoices are certified by the consular official, working in Vietnam. The US customs officials use the consular invoices to verify the value, quantity, and nature of the shipment.
Certificate of origin
A certificate of origin is a document that is required in certain nations. It is a signed statement as to the origin of the export item. Certificate of origin is usually signed through a semi-official organization, such as a local chamber of commerce.
Dock receipt and a warehouse receipt
They are documents issued by a shipping company to acknowledge that goods have been received for shipment. Dock receipts transfer the accountability for the safe custody of the cargo from the shipper to the carrier, and serves as the basis for preparing the bill of lading.
Shipper's Export Declaration (SED)
A SED is used to control exports and act as a source document for official U.S. export statistics.
An export license is a government document that authorizes the export of specific goods in specific quantities to a particular destination. This document may be required for most or all exports to some countries, or for other countries only under special circumstances.
Export packing list
An export packing-list is more detailed and informative than a standard domestic packing list. It itemizes the material in each individual package and indicates the type of package, such as a box, crate, drum, or carton. It also shows the individual net, legal, tare, gross weights and measurements for each package (in both U.S. and metric systems). Package markings should be shown, along with the shipper and buyer's references. The list is used by the shipper or forwarding agent to determine the total shipment weight and volume, and whether the correct cargo is being shipped.
These are some Shipping Documents to Import Clothes into Vietnam that you will learn about when working with freight forwarder.
An insurance certificate is used to assure the consignee that insurance will cover the loss of, or damage to, the cargo during transit.
In Conclusion: the freight forwarder and factory will prepare all the documentation and protect you - for a fee. My advice is to be informed and prepare to answer shipping questions that your freight forwarder and factory will ask you. Equally important is to shop around for a friendly and professional freight forwarding company that gives you genuine and thorough customer service. There will be a steep learning curve for you the first time you import from Vietnam.
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1. Which styles do you want to manufacture first?
2. Do you have tech packs?
3. Do you have any special factory requirements?
4. Have you produced before? If yes, then in what country?
5. What quantity per style per color do you order?
6. Does your company have a website?
7. Do you want to work with an agent or directly with the factory?
8. Do you plan to visit Vietnam?
Overseas Apparel Manufacturing Expert
Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Author and Consultant